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News

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Constitution of State Election Commission & Election Tribunal
.........................................................

Rural Business Hubs Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
.........................................................

Constituted the District Planning Committee Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Mahila Shakti Abhiyan, Arunachal women represents more than 33% Itanagar, 25 Jan., 2007
........................................................

Panchayat

Arunachal Pradesh, located in the north-easternmost part of India in the trans-Himalayan region between the latitude of 26˚28’ N and 29˚33’ N and Longitude 91˚31’ E and 97˚30’ E. It is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus surrounded by mountains inhabited by 26 main tribes and about 100 sub-tribes and clans.

The tribal region now called Arunachal Pradesh finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharta. This place is known to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. It was here that sage, Parashuram atoned of his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhismaka found his Kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini.

Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state in north-east India, with an area of 83,743 sq. kms. It has international borders with Bhutan to the west (160 kms. of border), China to the north and north-east (1,080 kms.) and Myanmar to the east (440 km). The agro-climatic regions across Arunachal Pradesh range from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of the Brahmaputra valley in the south.

The area, now known as Arunachal Pradesh, remained as an independent area without an administrative control till about 1824. The British Indian Government brought the area under the Chief Commissioner of Assam in 1874. The administration of this areas may be traced back to the Government of India Notification, 1914, vide which the Assam Frontier Tract Regulation (AFTR), 1880 was extended to hilly areas and was known as North East Frontier Tract (NEFT). This was later on named as North East Frontier Agency(NEFA) on 5 January, 1954 and continued to be known as NEFA till 1972. The area was administered by the administrators of Assam and the Agency Council was set up to advice the administrators. NEFA gained the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972 and renamed as Arunachal Pradesh, the name approved and announced by the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs Indira Gandhi at a place known as Ziro.  Thus the NEFA was upgraded as Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh in 1972 in pursuance of the North East Frontier Areas (Re-organization) Act of 1971. Consequently, the Agency Council was replaced by Pradesh Council. In 1975, an elected Legislative Assembly was constituted and the first Council of Ministers assumed office .The first general  election to 30 members Assembly was held on 1978. Arunachal Pradesh acquired the status of full pledged state on 20th February 1987, as the 24th State of Union of India as declared by the then Prime Minister of India Shri Rajiv Gandhi. The present strength of members of the State Legislative Assembly is 60.

Census 2001

Census 2001 records the population of Arunachal Pradesh as 10,91,117 with a sex ratio of 901 females to 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 54.74%. Arunachal Pradesh has a 60 member state assembly and has 1 seat in Rajya Sabha and 2 in Lok Sabha.
Census 2001

Panchayats in Arunachal Pradesh has been in existence from very old days. The people used to manage their daily affairs at the village and community levels through the traditional village institutions. The traditional village councils were in existence, which got the status of Gram Panchayats later on. After the NEFA Panchayat Raj Regulation,1967, the following tiers:

  • Gram Panchayat at village level;
  • Anchal Samiti at circle level;
  • Zilla Parishad at district level and
  • Agency Council at Agency level.

This system was dissolved in 1997, after the  Constitution (73rd' Amendment) Act, 1992, which marked a new era in the federal democratic set-up of the country and the Arunachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act, 1997. The Act provided 3-tier Panchayati Raj system at District, Intermediary and Village level. The first elections were held in 2003 as per this system.

Panchayati Raj in Arunachal Pradesh

Panchayats have been the backbone of the India's village since the beginning of recorded history. Arunachal Pradesh is not lagging behind as the people manage their daily affairs at the village and community levels through the traditional village institutions by evolving their own codes and customary laws. The traditional village councils were in existence and already recognized under the North East Frontier Administration of Justice Regulation, 1945. These village councils were accorded the status of Gram Panchayats later on.

In Arunachal Pradesh (the then NEFA), a Four-member committee was set-up in April, 1964 under the chairmanship of Dr.(late) Daying Ering to study the system, under which authority was being exercised by different indigenous tribal institutions and make its recommendations for adoption of Panchayati Raj system through legislation. The committee recommended for establishment of 3- tier Panchayat Raj institutions viz. Gram Panchayats, Anchal Samitis and Zilla Parishads. Considering the recommendation of the Ering Commission (1965), the North East Frontier Agency Panchayat Raj Regulation,1967 (which was an Act) was passed by the Parliament and put on implementation by the Government of India in 1967. As per provision in this Act, the Agency Council was formed at apex level, followed by Zilla Parishads at District level, Anchal Samitis at Block level and Gram Panchayat at village level.  In the erstwhile North Eastern Frontier Areas, Panchayati Raj was formally inaugurated by the then Governor of Assam on 2nd October 1968, with the following tiers: (i) Gram Panchayat at village level; (ii) Anchal Samiti at circle level; (iii) Zilla Parishad at district level and (iv) Agency Council at Agency level.

These Panchayats had elected members, with a 3-year tenure. Elections were conducted in accordance with the traditional system, with some members being nominated as representative of the minorities in the district. The NEFA Panchayati Raj was regulated by the Panchayati Raj Regulations of 1967 with provisions for a District Vice President at the Anchal Samiti level, and the Deputy Commissioner as the District President. Elections to Panchayats were held for 7 times between 1968 and 1992 through secret ballot system, except the Gram Panchayat elections. The Gram Panchayat elections were held according to traditional tribal custom. The term of the last Panchayat was extended for two years upto 14th September, 1994.

The Constitution (73rd' Amendment) Act, 1992 marks a new era in the federal democratic set-up of the country and provides constitutional status to the Panchayat Raj Institutions. Gandhiji's dream for "Gram Swaraj" has been translated into reality with the introduction of three-tier Panchayat Raj system to ensure people's participation in the great task of rural reconstruction.

The Arunachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act, 1997 has come into effect from 14th Nov. 2001. On  promulgation of the Panchayati Raj Act, the earlier Panchayati Raj was dissolved on 14th September 1997. The relevant rules for constitution of State Election Commission, conduct of elections, delimitation of constituencies and preparation of electoral rolls have been notified paving the way for holding Panchayat elections at the earliest possible. The State Election Commission has been constituted and functioning to this direction.

The Arunachal Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1997 mandated provision for establishment of Gram Sabha/ Gram Panchayat, Anchal Samiti and Zilla Parishad. The elections to the above bodies has been scheduled to be held after every 5 years under the supervision of State Election Commission which has already been constituted for this purpose. There is one-man committee of the State Finance Commission to recommend measures for allocation of funds to Panchayat Raj bodies, the determination of taxes, duties, tolls and grants-in-aid to Panchayat Raj bodies, etc. All aspects of devolution of financial powers to the Panchayat Raj bodies will be under the purview of the State Finance Commission. The Panchayat Raj bodies will be vested with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government. The programmes of poverty alleviation will be under the direct control of the Panchayat Raj bodies for preparation of plans, selection of beneficiaries, implementation and monitoring of schemes for achieving economic development and social justice for removal of rural poverty.

Following the enactment of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments, the NEFA Panchayati Raj System was dissolved on 14th September, 1997, and the Arunachal Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1997 was passed. A three-level Panchayati Raj system was brought into the state, each having a 5-year term. Arunachal Pradesh was possibly among the last states to pass the compliance legislation in line with Part IX of the Constitution. The delay occurred because it became necessary to amend the Constitution and seek deletion of the mandatory reservation in favour of SCs in Arunachal Pradesh, as there are no SCs in the State. Clause 3A was introduced in Article 243D, which states that nothing in this article relating to reservation of seats for the scheduled castes, shall apply to the State of Arunachal Pradesh. The State Election Commission was constituted on 18th June; 2002, and the first panchayat elections in Arunachal Pradesh as per the new system were conducted in April, 2003 .

The nomenclature and number of Panchayats in Arunachal Pradesh are :

Table 1

Level of Panchayat Name used Numbers Elections held
District Panchayat
Zilla Parishad 17 14
Intermediate Panchayat Anchal Samiti 177 136
Village Panchayat Gram Panchayat 1779 1639
Total 1973 1789

The numbers of elected representatives at each level are :

Table 2

  • Gram Panchayat
No. of elected Representatives
Gen. SC. ST. Total Women
1 2 3 4 5 6
Total No. 0 0 6485 6485 2561
Percentage 0.0 0.0 100.0 39.0
  • Aanchal  Samiti
No. of elected Representatives
Gen. SC. ST. Total Women
1 2 3 4 5 6
Total No. 136 136 45
Percentage 0.0 0.0 100.0 33.1
  • Zilla Parishad
No. of Elected Representatives
Gen. SC. ST. Total Women
1 2 3 4 5 6
Total No. 0 0 136 136 45
Percentage 0.0 0.0 100.0 33.1

PLANNING SECTION

Planning Section: This section is expected to look after the formulation of Draft Annual Plan. Formulation of Action Plan for different development scheme and monitoring evolution of schemes on the basis of the recommendations of the District Planning Committees. This will assume its due importance, after the section is augmented by proper staff, were suitably trained and funds are made available.

DRDA

At present most of the rural development programmes and schemes are being implemented by the Department of Rural Development and through the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs), which are headed by the Project Director. The DRDAs are concerned with implementation of central schemes, viz.,  Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY), Sampurna Grammen Rojgar Yojana (SGRY), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Total Sanitation Programme,  etc. Zilla Parishad, Anchal Samiti and Gram Panchayats receive funds from the State Govt. and the Central Govt. for running the development administration and implementation of different development schemes for the Zilla Panchayat Schemes.

These funds are received both from the state and central Government for execution of development schemes and creation and maintenance of new infrastructure. The execution of Central and centrally sponsored schemes is to be executed within Non-Plan budget. Total budget for the year 2005-2006 is Rs. 2630.44 Lakhs which includes Central allocation of Rs. 2436.211 Lakhs.