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Functioning of Panchayats in Arunachal Predesh since 1992 and Devolution of Power.

Compliance of the Amendment : Most of the provisions of Constitution (73rd Amendment)1992 have been complied within the state of Arunachal Predesh , except Article 243-G (relating to Devolution of Power, Authority and responsibilities). The following Acts and Rules have been enacted/made to comply with the Provisions of the 73rd Amendment:

  • The Arunachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj Act, 1997.
  • The Arunachal Pradesh Panchayati Raj (Preparation of Electoral Roll) Roles, 2002
  • The Arunachal Pradesh Panchyati Raj( Constitution of state election commission) Rule ,2002.
  • The Arunachal Pradesh Panchyati Raj (Delimitation of Constituencies and Reservation of seats for women) rule,2002.
  • The Arunachal Pradesh Panchyati Raj (conduct of Election) Rule,2002.
  • The 2nd State Finance Commision has also been constituted.


However, The Panchyati Bodies in Arunachal Pradesh have been raising their voice against the State Government for not giving their due power and authority as provided in 73rd Amendment Act,1992. They have been expressing their resentment against non-devolution of powers to PRIs in the meeting of Zilla Parisads, State and also in the national level. They have also submitted a Memorandum to the Prime Minister of Indian during 2011. The Devolution of powers and authority by the State Government to the PRIs is provided in article 243-G of the constitution of india,which read as below:
The Legislature of state may, by law ,endow the Panchayat with such Power and authority and may be necessary to enable them to function as Institutions of self-government and such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchayats, at the appropriate level………

Implementation of Article 243-G in Arunachal Pradesh :

As a first step, the State Government vide order No. PR-75/2003 dated 3rd July,2003,issued on order for transfer of 5 departments /subjects to the PRIs (Copy at Annexure- A). The Departments are (i)Rural Development (ii) Agriculture/Horticulture (iii). Education (iv)Power and (v) Social Welfare.

Except for the Department of Rural Development ,which receives funds directly from Government of India, the transfer of power in order 4 departments/subjects has no Significance for the PRIs as the funds have not been transferred to the PRIs.

Secondly, under this Article, the State Government has undertaken mapping vide order No. PR-106/7(Part-A) dated 21st February,2008(copy at Annexure-B). Vide the said Order, the 29 subjects as given in 11th Schedule of the Constitution were transferred to the Panchyats.

Third, vide notification No PR-106/7(Pt-A) (B) dated 22nd October .2008 (copy at Annexure-C), the state Government has developed Function ,Fund, Functionaries (3Fs) to the Gram Panchayats, Anchal Samitis and Zilla Parishad for 29 subject.