Panchayati Raj Arunachal Pradesh
Panchayats have been the backbone of the India's village since the beginning of recorded history. Arunachal Pradesh is not lagging behind as the people manage their daily affairs at the village and community levels through the traditional village institutions by evolving their own codes and customary laws. The traditional village councils were in existence and already recognized under the North East Frontier Administration of Justice Regulation, 1945. These village councils were accorded the status of Gram Panchayats later on.
Arunachal Pradesh , located in the north-easternmost part of India in the trans-Himalayan region between the latitude of 26˚28’ N and 29˚33’ N and Longitude 91˚31’ E and 97˚30’ E. It is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus surrounded by mountains inhabited by 26 main tribes and about 100 sub-tribes and clans.
The tribal region now called Arunachal Pradesh finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharta. This place is known to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. It was here that sage, Parashuram atoned of his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhismaka found his Kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini.
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest state in north-east India, with an area of 83,743 sq. kms. It has international borders with Bhutan to the west (160 kms. of border), China to the north and north-east (1,080 kms.) and Myanmar to the east (440 km). The agro-climatic regions across Arunachal Pradesh range from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of the Brahmaputra valley in the south.